Egypt Highlights Cairo
Capital of Egypt,
Cairo is the capital of Egypt, and the largest city in Africa, and the Arab World, as well as one of the most densely populated cities in the world. Known as "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo has been a center of the region’s political and cultural life. Even before Cairo was established in the tenth century, the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids in adjacent Giza.
Pyramids, Boat Museum and Sphinx
Giza pyramids is the most popular site to visit. The Pyramid of Khufu is the largest Egyptian pyramid. It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence. The Giza plateau is home to two other pyramids, Khafre and Menkaura. Next to the Khufu pyramid there are Several boat pits. In 1954,a large cedar boat was uncovered in one of The pits and reassembled in the boat museum. To complete this Wonderful archaeological site; a stop at the great Sphinx of Giza or, commonly, the Sphinx.It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, constructed somewhere Between 2520 BC and 2494 BC.The sphinx is a statue of a reclining sphinx (a mythical creature with a lion’s body and a human head).
Memphis and Saqqara
Memphis was founded around 3,100 BC .It is the legendary city of Memes the king who united upper and lower Egypt. Memphis was the royal residence and the capital of Ancient Egypt. Ramses II is well represented with a colossus of himself near the Alabaster Sphinx.
Not far from Memphis lies the Necropolis of Saqqara. The site best known for the step pyramids. All over Saqqara private tombs of different periods can be found , which contain beautiful and revealing scenes, and the most famous sites are the Serapeum, the Pyramid of Unas ; It is believed that within the inscriptions of the Pyramid text in Unas’s tomb..
There are also some lines of a Semitic dialect, written in Egyptian script and comprising the earliest evidence of written Semitic language .
Half-Day Tour of Christian & Islamic Cairo
No trip to Cairo is complete without a visit to Old Cairo, so join an epic tour through Islamic and Christian Cairo to learn more about the historic Egyptian capital’s past. After getting picked up from your hotel, you will head to Old Cairo, known as Christian Coptic Cairo, which is among the most important locations for Christians in Egypt. Here you will enter the 4th C Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church, also known as theChurch of Abu-Sergah, followed by the St. Barbara Church and the 3rd C Saint Virgin Mary's Coptic Orthodox Church, nicknamed the “Hanging Church.” You will also visit the old JewishBen Ezra Synagogue, also known as El-Geniza Synagogue and will have an hour-long break to explore on your own or try the local cuisine at one of the restaurants. Then, you will head to Islamic Cairo, founded in 641 A.D. by AmrIbnElas who was the first Muslim leader. Here you will visit the first mosque in Africa, the AmrIbnElas Mosque, and El Sultan Hassan Mosque, known as Madrasa El Sultan Hassan, which was founded in 1356 A.D.
Sound & Light Show at the PyramidsWatch as the Great Pyramids of Giza come alive during a 1-hour sound and light show and learn all about Egypt’s history and mythology during this family-friendly tour. After getting picked up from your hotel in Cairo or Giza, you will head to the Pyramids to hear the stories behind the ancient landmarks and monuments narrated by the Sphinx. As you watch floodlights wash the pyramids and the sphinx in brilliant colors, you will realize that books, films and documentaries can’t hold a candle to seeing the real thing in front of you. So get ready to be blown away by one of the oldest surviving wonders of the Ancient World!
Know More Cairo
The Egyptian Museum contains many important pieces of ancient Egyptian history. It houses the world’s largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities and many treasures of King Tutankhamen , it was built in the neo-classical style by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon in 1900..
There are two main floors at Museum the ground floor there are the huge statues. The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamun treasures and the mummies. A hall for the royal mummies was opened at the museum, housing eleven Kings and Queens..
Another side of Cairo will be seen through its Medieval Islamic quarter. The Citadel built in 1176 by Salah El Din to defend Cairo from the crusaders, Mohamed Ali Mosque known as the Alabaster Mosque.
Then we continue our visit to Sultan Hassan Mosque and Madrasa (school), it is considered stylistically the most compact and unified. It is an example of a Mamluk architecture was built in 1356 - 1363..
We end our visit with a truly amazing atmosphere at Khan El-Khalili Bazzar once known as the Turkish Bazaar.it is famous for its unusual, typically oriental souvenirs, and handmade crafts. But keep in mind that in open traditional markets, the prices are not fixed; remember to bargain to get the best price..
Old Coptic Cairo known as (Masr al Qadima) it is the oldest part of Cairo. Church of St. Sergio ( Sergius), Abu Serga, was built in the center of the Ancient Roman fort of Babylon. The church is considered as one of the sites visited by the Holly Family during their escape from herod to the land of Egypt. T.
Ben Ezra synagogue, built in 882 surrounding grounds originally a property of the church...
Continue to the Coptic Museum, Marcus Simaika Pasha founded the Coptic Museum in 1910 to fulfill the needs of displaying christianity monuments in Egypt.
The objects displayed rise-up to 16000 pieces approximately, arranged as possible in chronological order in 12 different sections.